Water Education - Did you know?


Consumer

  • ­One gram of 2,4-D (a common household herbicide) can contaminate 2.6 million gallons (10 million liters) of drinking water.
  • The average person spends less than 1 percent of his or her total personal expenditure dollars for water, wastewater and water disposal services.
  • We are using freshwater faster than we are recharging our groundwater.
  • By 2025, 52 countries – two-thirds of the world’s population – will likely have water shortages.
  • On a global average, 70 percent of freshwater withdrawals are used for agriculture, 22 percent are used in industry and just 8 percent are used by municipals (drinking water, bathing and cleaning, and to water plants/grass).

Auto

  • ­One gallon of gasoline can contaminate approximately 750,000 gallons of water.
  • Four quarts of oil can cause an eight-acre oil slick if spilled or dumped down a storm sewer.
  • 80 percent of the freshwater we use in the United States is to irrigate crops and generate thermoelectric-power.
  • It takes 39,000 gallons of water to produce the average domestic auto.

Home

  • ­ There are approximately 60,000 community water suppliers in the United States.
  • ­ The world is currently running a groundwater overdraft of 200 billion cubic meters a year.
  • ­ A leaky faucet can waste up to 100 gallons of water a day.
  • ­ About 6,800 gallons of water is required to grow a day’s worth of food for a family of four.
  • ­ The United States consumes water at twice the rate of other industrialized nations.
  • ­ The average household uses approximately 250 gallons of water a day.

Environment

  • ­In the 1950s, scientists began to suspect that water might carry diseases. Although earlier treatment of water could make the water safer, it was primarily done to improve its taste, smell or appearance.
  • ­Freshwater animals are disappearing five times faster than land animals.
  • ­Saline water can be desalinated for use as drinking water via a process that removes salt from the water. The process is extremely costly and isn’t done on a very large scale. The cost of desalting sea water in the United States ranges from $1 to $16 per 1,000 gallons.
  • ­It doesn’t take much salt to make water “salty.” If one-thousandth (or more) of the weight of water is from salt, then the water is considered “saline.”
  • ­We have approximately the same amount of water as when the earth was formed; Earth is not able to generate more water.
  • ­If the entire world’s water were fit into a one-gallon jug, the available usable freshwater would equal only about one tablespoon.
Glossary
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